Good nonprofit governance requires that an organization be accountable to multiple parties. While this may seem benign and obvious, it can be challenging and more complicated than first appears. Different philosophies of governance can result in different organizational emphasis.
Agency and stewardship theory have a foundation in what Tony Watson called the "systems-control" approach. This relies on a top-down structure that assumes that the organization will benefit from decisions made by senior leaders.
However, other governance theories, such as stakeholder theory and democratic theory, suggest that organizations can benefit from synthesizing multiple groups, priorities, and moral frameworks. Organizations with a social-change mission may find these approaches useful, but they also have their limits.
Case studies of organizations which have used different approaches to governance are informative and enlightening. Read the Entire Article
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Crowd-sourcing is deemed an effective and useful tool to preserve and protect the earth’s species. As proof, the International Barcode of Life (iBOL) summons citizens around the world to collect samples to assist universities, natural history museums and research institutes.
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